Sir francis drake background information

Contemporary works on geography and exploration are listed and dated by E.

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Taylor in her Tudor geography , pp. Works on navigation, cosmography and pilotage in the corresponding period are listed and analyzed, with full bibliographical citations, by David W. Waters in the notes and bibliography of his Art of Navigation listed below.

The general reference guide to works on contemporary military history and theory is Maurice J. Cockle: A Bibliography of Military Books up to London, ; reprinted , while those relevant to Sir Francis Drake's training and experience have received an extensive critical listing in the bibliography of English military books of the period added by David W. Waters to his edition of Thomas Greepe's The true and perfecte newes In one volume it is impossible to cover every single aspect of a career as far-ranging and illustrious as Sir Francis Drake's.

References to material on particular aspects of Drake's life and deeds not intensively studied here may be found in the standard works, especially two: Sir Julian Corbett's Drake and the Tudor navy , and Henry R. Wagner's Sir Francis Drake's voyage around the world The definitive impress that they left upon Drake studies, and the significance of fresh contributions since they wrote have been summed up by W.

Sir Francis Drake (c.1540 - c.1596)

Harte in "Some recent views. James A. Top of Page. He was one of the most famous men in Elizabethan times. Drake's route around the world.

Francis Drake

Drake captured tons of silver, gold, coins and jewels from Spanish galleons in the Americas. Spain complained bitterly and wanted Drake hanged for piracy, but Drake was a public hero and Elizabeth I herself backed his expedition. Francis Drake was born in in Tavistock, Devon, England. He first started going to sea while living in Chatham in Kent, at the age of 12 or He was an apprentice on a small trading ship which was left to him when the master died.

During his life, Protestant England was often at war with Catholic Spain and there were rich rewards for capturing Spanish ships.

Drake, who was an incredibly bold and brilliant sailor, captured more than his fair share of Spanish ships. Drake's successful battles against the Spanish helped England become a major sea power.

BBC - History - Sir Francis Drake

On the way round the world, Drake landed in what is now California, naming it Nova Albion New England and claiming it for his queen. Drake was knighted by Queen Elizabeth l for his courage, and for the treasures he brought back with him. He brought back enough treasure to pay off the entire national debt.


In , Elizabeth I put Drake in command of an expedition to attack a Spanish fleet which was getting ready to attack England. Drake sailed right in to Cadiz harbour and wrecked the ships there, before going on to capture another hundred Spanish ships elsewhere. It was said he'd 'singed the king of Spain's beard'.